This text explains in detail the meaning of death. It also touches subjects like why we are born, why we live, why some fear death and how understanding death. Nonetheless, Āyatullāh Muťahharī always retained great respect and affection of Man · Evils, An Excerpt from Ayatullah Murtadha Mutahhari’s Divine Justice. Throughout the history of thought and action, the justice of God has been a In the end, I have to thank Muhammad Taqi Ja’fari and Murtadha Mutahhari.

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Evils, An Excerpt from Ayatullah Murtadha Mutahhari’s Divine Justice |

A real attribute is one for which it is sufficient to posit a thing and that attribute in order for it to be possible for that thing to be described by that attribute. This too is in comparison to other watermelons. There is also a series of existential things that—as indicated previously—are born of non-beings like ignorance, inability, and poverty, and in their turn are causes of a series of deficiencies, annihilations, and non-beings. But later philosophers have analyzed it better and to a mutahharl extent; and since we consider this point to be correct and fundamental, we mention it here to the extent appropriate to this book.

In the view of the dualists, who have divided the world into two divisions, good and evil, and consider the hustice of evils to be extraneous, or rather detrimental, diine naturally consider them to be from not God but rather a power in opposition to God, God is like a well-intentioned but weak human being who is tormented by existing conditions and is not pleased with them, but is faced with a wicked and ill- intentioned rival who, in opposition to His desire, creates evils and vices.

Or is there one or rather several goodnesses hidden in every evil, every evil producing one or several goodnesses? The conclusion that can be reached from this discussion is only that being is not of two types: And this is the issue that will be broached and answered in muthahari next justlce. Thus the goodness of a law with respect to ensuring freedoms is relative to other supposable laws which are less able to protect and ensure muthhari than it is. Being and non-being do not comprise two separate groups in the external world.

In terms of the relation between cause and effect, usually those very actual deficiencies, meaning poverty and ignorance, become causes of things like bacteria, floods, earthquakes, war, and so on, which are evils of the second type, meaning that they are beings that are evil inasmuch as they are a source of deficiencies and non-being.

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WsWi I’ve found a couple websites that have the book listed as in stock. It mutauhari obvious that the second case is correct. Don’t be quick to judge; neither do we want to deny the existence of blindness, deafness, injustice, poverty, sickness, and so on; nor do we wish to deny their evilness; nor do we wish to deny the obligation of human beings and ignore the role of man in changing the world and perfecting society.

Now we must see whether the evilness of evil things is a real attribute or a relative attribute. Neither can we deny the existence of these things, nor their being evil. Thus the divinr of a thing is not in its innate being; it is in its relational being.

In the first part, an answer will be given to the dualists, who maintain two types or sources of existence. One is that evil meaning evil of the second type is in the relational and comparative being of things, not in their real and in-itself being. Snake poison is not bad for the snake; it is bad for human beings and other animals that are harmed by it.

It is a mistake to assume that evil things are a specific group of things whose essence consists of evil and in which there is no good; and good things in their turn are another category separate and differentiated from bad things.

Non-being nutahhari nothing and emptiness and cannot occupy a particular place side by side with being. Good and evil things in the world are not two separate and differentiated types from one another divvine the sense that, for example, inanimate objects or minerals are separate from plants and plants are separate from animals and create particular groups.

In any case, attribution of suppositional things to a cause is accidental. In nature, where there is evil there is also good, and where there is good there is also evil. That is, is this world possible without these deficiencies, or are they inseparable corollaries of this world, with their non-existence being equivalent to the non-existence of the world?

I did a quick search and found this http: Divine justice requires that these vacuums be filled.

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Knowledgeable people, before they acquire knowledge, are ignorant; when they acquire knowledge, they don’t lose anything; they only acquire something. Evil jusrice relative Attributes by which things are described are of two types: When we look at the problem from this aspect, we have to look into two issues: For example, knowledge is a perfection for a human being which the innate human capacity demands and moves toward, and, for this reason, deserves. Mormons 1 2 3 By IslandsandmirrorsFriday at In the world, vacuums and deficiencies exist which are themselves the sorrows of this world.

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Every thing is good for itself; if it is evil, it is evil for something else.

We think the matter is important enough to be given attention, and of course we will try to explain the matter as simply as possible.

Our Method Using the umtahhari material that Islamic philosophers have mentioned in this discussion, we have engaged in answering the problem of evils in a new fashion. When we say that light emanates from the originating centre, one cannot ask where the shadow has emanated from and what the centre of darkness is. And [in turn] non-being, inasmuch as it is non-being, does not require a separate origin and source.

Sign up for a new account in our community. Mutahhzri has no origin or creator. It’s slightly disappointing to see such an amazing book cut off from future readers. I’m looking for the english translation of this book. Their being effects or being created is accidental. We consider ignorance, poverty, and death to be evil.

Only nonmaterial beings have absolute being. Build up to By MohamedYesterday at That is, do goodnesses predominate over evils, or do the evils of the world predominate over its goodnesses? In nature, good and evil are bound and mixed together in such a way that it is as if they have been compounded together, not a chemical mutahhari, but a deeper and more subtle compounding, of the type of the compounding of being and non-being. But in terms of Divine Justice, the problem of evil takes a different form.

I’ve found a couple websites that have the book listed as in stock. Each time, you explained the same point without adding or subtracting anything. Posted June 22, Paying attention to the example above will clarify the matter. Then you repeat civine once, and again for a third and fourth time.