Questions Response Code. Activity at Work. Q1. Does your work involve vigorous -intensity activity that causes large increases in breathing or. GPAQ: a survey tool to help practices improve their services to patients. The GPAQ questionnaire fulfills the requirements for the practice patient survey, GP. The WHO-endorsed Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) has been widely used in developing countries, but the evidence base for its.

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To interpret agreement we used following standards: This finding is similar to that of recent study where found that when SB was measured with a self-reported single item it significantly underestimates SB in comparison to accelerometer data [ 43 ]. The data were stored in s intervals and aggregated into 1-min epochs, a procedure recommended gpxq accelerometer studies in adults [ 23 ].

Abstract Background Feasible and cost-effective as well as population specific instruments for monitoring physical activity PA levels are needed for the management and prevention of non-communicable diseases. International physical activity questionnaire: SJM designed the study, acquired the data, carried out the data analysis and interpretation, and drafted the manuscript.

Patterns and correlates of objectively measured free-living physical activity in adults in rural and urban Cameroon. This may indicate that lowering the cut-point may improve the indicators for GPAQ validity.

Written informed consent was taken from all study participants. Aguilar-Farias N, Zamora jL: In conclusion, the present study adds important new data on the validity of the widely-used GPAQ for estimating PA and SB levels in a low income country. Physical activity PA is a key behavioural factor for maintaining health and well-being at individual and population levels [ 1 — 3 ]. To investigate the questionnaide validity we chose the Actigraph GT3X accelerometers as objective sensor-based activity monitors to provide the criterion measure.


After stratification by place, significant fair-to-moderate correlation was found for females, whereas urban young adults showed a significantly higher correlation than young rural adults. Das P, Horton R. Our results contradict some findings from the nine countries validity study by Bull et al.

Secondly, there was good compliance with accelerometer wear and adherence to the study protocol.

Validity of the global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) in Bangladesh

Because accelerometers do not measure water-based and non-ambulatory activities, this may have contributed to the poor correlations found in males.

A multi-site study of nine Asian rural areas including Bangladesh showed that PA was lower in the middle of the harvest season and increased during the more intensive harvest period [ 39 ].

Additionally, in the 12 countries study validation of the short International Physical Activity Questionnaire IPAQthe pooled validity correlations against accelerometers was found to be 0. The World Health Organization WHO has therefore promoted the development of PA surveillance tools in order to evaluate public health interventions and policies [ 56 ] aimed at reducing the burden of non-communicable diseases NCDs [ 7 ]. Armstrong T, Bull FC. More accurate measurement of SB may be provided by using a multiple item domain-specific questionnaire [ 2443 ].

Validity of the global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) in Bangladesh

Test—retest repeatability and relative validity of the global physical activity questionnaire in a developing country context. So, these could lead to overestimation of activity levels in some domains and underestimation in others. In the subgroup analysis, females showed consistent correlations across all indicators of PA.


Published online Aug Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes questionnsire their risk factors among Bangladeshi adults: Participants wore the accelerometer for seven consecutive days, except during sleep and water based activities. However, a study conducted on a Chilean population found the single question from the GPAQ had fair validity for measuring SB, though poor ability for correctly classifying individuals into tertiles or quartiles of SB [ 30 ].

Actigraph Actilife software was used for initialization and analyses of accelerometer data. Nevertheless, accelerometers have their limitations. Moreover, males carry heavy loads such as crops, seeds, sacks etc. Methods of measurement in epidemiology: In case of education, the patterns of the correlations were inconsistent and did not follow gradient, however, higher correlation was found in tertiary education group than other groups.

A significant, low level of agreement between the GPAQ and accelerometer data for sitting was observed rho: Another limitation could be that the urban sample was comprised of volunteers from a workplace setting, thus the results may not have complete reflection of the general urban population. Physical activity levels in Bangladeshi adults: Our finding of a low correlation rho: Further, non-ambulatory activities such as cycling is also not captured by waist-worn accelerometers, and cycling is a very prevalent mode of transport in rural areas [ 3536 ], particularly among men.